Sobolieva Olena Volodymyrivna can be an ethnologist and a researcher that is senior the study Institute of Ukrainian Studies associated with the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Her selection of educational passions comprises old-fashioned tradition associated with the Crimean Tatars, modern ethnocultural procedures when you look at the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, everyday Islam, anthropology of technology and knowledge. She passed PhD defence in ’09. She’s the writer of monograph “Wedding associated with the Crimean Tatars: conventional types and Transformations” (2015). She actually is the relative mind of NGO “Center for Applied Anthropology” and an associate associated with nationwide Association of Ethnographers of Ukraine.
From ancient times: the traditions associated with the art that is ornamental of Crimean Tatars
Ornek is really a conventional decoration in the used arts regarding the Crimean Tatars. This ornament embellished different things of every day life and worship: clothing, materials, precious precious jewelry, furniture, architectural things and tombstones.
Something of workshop manufacturing was strange when you look at the Crimean Khanate. There have been workshops of artisans in almost every big town: weavers, jewelers, embroiderers, furriers, tinsmiths and so on. The Crimean nobility bought top-notch items. The things additionally discovered their purchasers ukrainian order bride prices far away. Along with handicraft that is professional, house crafts, such as for instance embroidery and weaving, were extensive.
Ornament in a variety of kinds of people art
The genuine social history of Ukraine is «Tatar Ishleme», the original two-sided embroidery associated with Crimean Tatars, that has a lot more than 60 various stitches. a feature that is characteristic of «Tatar Ishleme» embroidery may be the usage of pastel colors in combination with gold and silver threads. This decoration has obtained the shapes that are geometric weaving and carpet weaving. Usually, flax, cotton, wool and silk were utilized for weaving. The linen material, made by the Crimean Tatars, had been marked by tenderness and softness. In precious precious jewelry, the ornament that is traditional of unique beauty.
Probably the most extensive technique ended up being filigree, the creation of jewelry from thin silver cable.
The interlacing of oriental pattern: the key motifs of Ornek decoration
The decorative motifs, depicted in a variety of handicraft products, had their stylistic features, which depended entirely on the manner of execution and materials utilized. The primary motifs for the pattern are split into two teams: flowery and geometric. The flowery decoration is typical for embroidery, carving in stone and precious jewelry art. Geometric motifs prevail in weaving and carpeting weaving.
The old-fashioned decoration, as well as its artistic and visual value, had a significant secret and indication function. Unique information had been encoded this kind of an decoration, which, by using unique indications symbolizing magical content, safeguarded against wicked forces.
Ornek decoration in conventional life and rites
Products, adorned with old-fashioned decoration, embellished the inside associated with the homes. They certainly were towels («eu-jiyar», «yagbez», and «sofa-peshkir»), napkins («yemeni»), handkerchiefs, and curtains, carved chests that are wooden»sandyk») and copper utensils.
The inner regarding the space associated with bride had been richly embellished. The girl was preparing a dowry, which included hundreds of household items that the girl embroidered together with her girlfriends before the wedding. Throughout the wedding, the space associated with bride ended up being festively embellished. Lots of ropes had been fastened beneath the ceiling, diverging radially through the center. Most of the materials and clothing richly decorated with embroidered and woven decoration had been hung on these ropes and round the border associated with the wall surface,.
Products, embellished with traditional ornamentation, were attributes that are important numerous rites. Materials and components of clothes had been universal presents during all household and general public rituals. Throughout the circumcision (“sunnet”) and wedding («toi»), the champions for the wrestling that is traditional»kuresh») or horse race («koshu») received embroidered vests, scarves and livestock. The bride ended up being get yourself ready for a bridegroom a collection of gift suggestions of nine products, founded because of the tradition: a tobacco pouch, garters for socks, a towel for a rite of shaving, an «ochkur» belt, etc.
The residing traditions: the state that is modern of growth of ornamental art
The activities of deportation of 1944 caused the irreparable losings towards the decorative art for the Crimean Tatars while the individuals were place in the conditions of success. The revival of numerous people crafts ( precious precious jewelry, pottery, weaving and embroidery) started during the early 1990s . The courses on traditional embroidery started to operate, on which Zuleikha Bekirova, the inheritable craftsman, passed her knowledge in particular, in 1991 in Simferopil.
Today, such craftsmen as Elvira Osmanova, Julia Tulupova, Gulnara Negliadenko, Tamara Kliuchkina and Khatidzhe Iunusova among others work with the means of the Crimean-Tartar embroidery «Tatars-Ishleme» and «Mklama». The inheritable jeweler, began his work and taught over 20 students of his craft in the early 2000s, Aider Asanov. The musician and art critic Mamut Churlu made a superb share into the growth of Ornek, the crimean-Tatar ornament that is traditional.
A number of seminars and exhibitions organized by him promoted the spreading of ornamentation of Ornek when you look at the many diverse forms of people crafts and its own creative interpretation. Ornek decoration is employed in ceramics (Rustem Skybin, Maryna Kurukchi, Mamut Churlu, Eldar Gusenov), carpeting weaving (Mamut Churlu, Iryna Teslenko), art panels (Gulnara Negliadenko, Mamut Churlu, Julia Tulupova) and painting on glass (Zera Abliazisova, Afize Iusuf-kyzy).
The peculiarities associated with the usage of decoration in modern art items will be the mix of various practices and techniques without trouble of art. On 12, 2018, the Ornek ornament was included into the National List of Elements of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine february.
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Wish to know more? We counsel you getting your self familiar with
- Akchurina-Muftieva N. used art for the Crimean Tatars for the fifteenth — the very first half the century that is 20th. Simferopol, 2008. 392 p.
- Chepurina P. Ia. Decorative sewing regarding the Crimea. M. — L., 1938. 64 p.
Some pictures were kindly given by NGO «Alyem».
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